Kerman Paradise of Paleontology

65 million years ago, some creatures in the world were extinct, scientists and researchers are now looking for the remnants and fossils that they may reveal some of their way of life. Kerman province is one of the few places in Iran in which the effects of past geologic organisms have been observed. The existence of huge coal reserves in the north of Kerman province (Zarand city) indicates the existence of vegetation and animal life in this part of Iran. Also, in this land, several fossils have been discovered from different animals and they maintained in Kerman's Natural History Museum.

Some identified Kerman Paleontology

Kerman Paradise of Paleontology


The traces of these animals have also been seen on past sedimentary deposits of geology, especially during the Mesozoic period in different regions. The traces discovered in the Mesozoic Triassic sediments in the Neyzar valley near the village of Deh Alireza, 20 km north of Zarand, are one of these unique points. During the search for dinosaurs by the joint Iran-Brazil team in northern areas of Kerman, the first skeletal works of dinosaurs including a carnivore dinosaurs and parts of unspecified bones in the villages around Zarand were identified. Part of the trail of this dinosaur belongs to 180 million years ago in the Jurassic era in northern Zarand, has been lost due to neglect. Experts have already been able to discover 10 tracks. Of the 10 traces discovered, five tracks belong to the genus Camptosaurus. Nearly 40 years ago, French researchers discovered some of the remains of a dinosaur near Kerman Of course, the remnants of it were immediately transferred to the Museum of Natural History in Paris.

Kerman Paradise of Paleontology
Experts in this region have so far been able to detect the effects of Devonian armored fish fossils (325 to 365 million years ago) related to the Mesozoic era, dinosaurs and related works (250 million to 65 million years ago), and the mammal fossils of the third period belonged to (2 to 7 million years ago). Due to the richness of fossil fuels in the northern city, Kerman province can be considered as the paradise of fossils of the world. However, it should be noted that the abundance of carnivores in an area requires a more abundant amount of vegetarian creatures to provide nutrition and survival. So there's no doubt that there should be many herbivorous dinosaurs in the Jurassic period in Iran.

Kermanm Paradise of Paleontology Harandi Museum
Tourism attraction of these amazing scientific signs could be discover in Kerman's Natural and Paleontology Museum in Harandi Museum.

 

 Rageh Canyon

Rageh Canyon

Rafsanjan is one the important cities in Kerman province. It's located 100 km near Kerman. Rafsanjan County has one of the amazing and beautiful natural phenomena in Iran and it's The Rageh canyon. This valley is created by alluvial erosion caused by the Guivdary River, during several thousand years.

rageh canyon

The length of the valley is about 20 km and the depth of the valley is 70 meters. The opening of the valley is about 180 meters and in some places it is less than three meters.The contrast between the flat plain and the canyon, the forms and volumes created by the erosion of the valley have been monopolized.In some places among columns and wall peak jags there are interesting and various spatial shapes, moreover it can be seen narrow and wide passages alongside the river and valley walls, in addition to small or big holes and cuts which some of them are natural and some are manmade long ago. Eagle, partridge bird and gazelle are some of the wildlife in the area, however Rage is near the Bidoye protected area.

rageh

Rage Valley is in a completely different location. It is situated a short distance from the city of Rafsanjan, and Rafsanjan Airport is only 20 km away from the valley. On the other hand it is in the middle of a path where two important natural historical attractions of Kerman ( the village of Meymand and the desert of Lut and its Kalouts, as the UNESCO World Heritages ) are located, and maybe due to its specific features and distinctions, in the future it can also be placed in the world's legacy of the valley, and its great benefits in branding the region's future.

Kalouts

Kalouts is Legendary phenomena in deserts

Kalouts

Kalouts (Yardang) is the large area of soft, poorly consolidated rock and bedrock surfaces that have been extensively grooved, fluted, and pitted by wind erosion. The rock is eroded into alternating ridges and furrows essentially parallel to the dominant wind direction. Yardangs are formed by wind erosion, typically of an originally flat surface formed from areas of harder and softer material. The soft material is eroded and removed by the wind, and the harder material remains. The resulting pattern of Yardangs is therefore a combination of the original rock distribution, and the fluid mechanics of the air flow and resulting pattern of erosion.

Yardangs is often found in soft sediments of past lakes and are found in some of the deserts of the world, including the western desert of Egypt and the Lut desert in Iran.

Kalouts in Iran

kalouts1

Kaluts is the largest city in the world, made of cloves, located in the Lut desert, 40 km northeast of Shahdad in Kerman province. It is the largest natural phenomenon in the world, as well as the most unique desert disaster, and it is like a large city with short and long buildings. Near Shahdad there are Nebkhas (desert vases) with the length of 10 meters, While the longest nebkhas of Africa's desert are 3 meters long. nebkha is a type of sand dune, that forms around vegetation.It is an aeolian landform, a structure built and shaped by the action of wind.

Legendary Kalouts have 1,000 square kilometers wide, they were created About 20,000 years ago, with the erosion of water and wind. Their height reaches over 100 meters and in some parts the altitude is a mere 56 meters above sea level. There is a 1000 square meter of salt in the form of egg yolk which is totally unique in the world. About 30000 meters around the Kalouts,There is no plant in, and there is essentially no living creature even germs.This area is famous for geologists as one of the Earth's thermal pole. Somehow because of the highest surface temperature of the earth which is recorded in this area, 70 C.

Discover Kalouts

 kalouts night

When you arrive this place for the first time you can see an amazing world around yourself, silence, blue sky and mountains of sand. Sunrise and sunset in Lut desert are the special experience in nature with no other samples. Sleeping in that desert is the complete kind of relaxing. There are different ecolodges in Shahdad with food and residence services. Kalouts are one part of Lut desert and the extent of this area is unbelievable. Local guide could help and show you the safest place in Kalouts.

 

Keshit

One of the most sophisticated and astonishing ecosystems of Kerman province is situated near the widespread and terrific Lut desert. Keshit, a collection of tens of waterfalls and springs, is a real mirage in the desert. After passing through a plain of just sand and burning sun, a valley full of water, palms and fruit trees suddenly appears; a paradise in the hell.

keshit satellite

This valley with 3 km long is located on the southern bank of Lut desert, in Keshit rural region and 40 km of Golbaf district. The walls of this deep valley are covered by mosses and ferns, which alongside its ever-flowing waterfalls and rivers and also palm-groves, create an exquisite and spectacular landscape.

The remarkable point about this area is a 12-meter high cascade that has created a natural and large pond, where local people call the sea. This pond is 600 square meters in size and its depth has not yet been determined.

Salt desert

Salt desert (also called:salt pans,salt flats ) of Sirjan is a salt field in Iran that appears after arrival of a flood tide and evaporates. It is a huge field of soluble salt. It is one of the most beautiful and unique places in Iran. The Unique nature of this mysterious desert is versatile and eye-catching,specialy when it is shining under the sun light. Occasionally, rain turns it into a salt lake.Another point to mention is that the full moon completes its beauty.

salt desert sirjan

The field covers more than 35,000 hectares, is located about 27 kilometers from the Sirjan to Shiraz road near Kheirabad village.

salt desert sirajan 1